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The janissary

Discussion in 'vBench (Works in Progress)' started by Roc, Oct 21, 2004.

  1. Roc Active Member

    Country:
    United-States
    This is a beautifully sculpted and cast 90 mm. White metal figure, sculpted by Julian Hullis ,one of the best sculptors in our hobby.
    Poste militaire might have closed its doors but its beautiful figures live on.

    I dedicate this step by step as a tribute to one of the best figure manufacturer of all times.


    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    Cheers

    Roc :)
  2. Roc Active Member

    Country:
    United-States
    Janissaries

    Turkish: yeniçeri




    The standing Ottoman army, first organized by bey (also erroneously called sultan) Murad 1 in the late 14th century, lasting until 1826, altogether about 450 years.
    The term in Turkish, yeniçeri means new troops, indicating exactly what they were in the beginning: An alternative to the old regular army.
    The Janissaries became famous for their military skills, but also because they were staffed by youths conscripted from Christian families in the Balkans. After the conscription they were defined as the property of the sultan, and practically all of them converted to Islam.
    The Janissaries were subject to strict rules, limiting their freedom and demanding higher moral standards than usual in the society. In the first couple of centuries, they were forced to celibacy, but this would later change. The janissaries were not allowed to grow beard, which was the sign of a free man.
    The need for the bey/sultan to form the Janissary corps, came from the fragility of an army put together by free men from many different tribes from areas often wide apart. Their allegiance were normally to their own tribal leaders, leaders that often were tempted to oppose the power of the sultan, and to find allies among the main enemies of the Ottoman empire.
    At first the Janissaries were put together of war prisoners. But from 1420's young men were taken from their homes at an early age, and contact with their old communities were cut. This system was called devsirme. They were even denied contact with the normal society in the areas were they were stationed. Through their training, they were learned to put their allegiance to the bey/sultan. At least so was the intention. And despite strict rules, they enjoyed high living standards and a social status which intended to give logic and force to their loyalty.
    But over time, the Janissaries were so successful that they grew into one of the strongest power institutions in the empire. They could exercise this strength to influence the policy and to defend their own interests. From the 17th century and on, they staged many palace coups to exercise this power. But this would eventually be the main reason for their downfall — their strength made them dangerous to the sultan, and when the final battle over power came, the Janissaries lost, and all troops were killed or banished.
    Other reasons for the sultan to want to remove the Janissaries were that they had grown into a large number, up from 20,000 in 1574 to 135,000 in their last year of 1826. This was expensive, and in addition the Janissaries had found their own (unacceptable) way of financing their military activities as well as their high living standard: they performed various trades and were more an more in contact with the society. They were truly a state in the state.
    HISTORY
    1380's: Bey Murad 1 forms the first devsirme system, from which the Janissary army could be formed.
    15th century: The Janissaries grow into becoming a powerful political force within the Ottoman state.
    16th century: It has become standard for Janissary troops to marry, and they even manage to get the privilege that their sons should be allowed to enter their army, even if these were born Muslims.
    17th century: More and more, the Janissary troops engage in palace coups. This would continue right onto their end.
    1648: Janissary troops discharge and kills sultan Ibrahim 1.
    17th century: The traditional devsirme system of conscription is abandoned, and they had many free men applying, among them many from Muslim families too.
    1820's: The Janissaries fails to crush the Greek fight for independence. By this, they proved that they were no longer the near-infallible army as they had been before.
    1826 June: The Janissary corps find out that Sultan Mahmud 2 is forming new European-style armies, and revolts. The sultan declares war on them, and it ends with cannons shooting at the Janissary barracks in Constantinople and the provincial capitals, killing most of the troops. Many of the survivors were executed, others were banished. This ended the period of the Janissaries.
  3. Roc Active Member

    Country:
    United-States
  4. CondeJulian Active Member

    Country:
    Brazil
    I worship Poste Militaire .
    I have the Mcbeth 70mm , Wonderful figure!
    In the near Future , I want to get the two 110mm WW2 figures , I've seen both at close , they are stunning !
    Good luck with yours ...
    Regards
    Julian
  5. yeo_64 Active Member

    Country:
    Singapore
    Roc,my dear friend,an excellent start to an interesting project (y) (y) !! I'll be looking forward to the next installment.Cheers !
    Kenneth ;)
  6. megroot A Fixture

    Country:
    Netherlands
    Rocco,

    This is something new for me. I never heard about it. Now i 'am learning more from history since i painting figure's, than when i was at school.
    I never hear or seen a figure from this people. Learning some more. I think whit your scill's he is gonna be very very beautiful.

    I' m looking forward to see him become alive.

    Greetings Marc
  7. Ernest A Fixture

    Country:
    Venezuela
    This figure looks excellent, I see forward your sbs....
    Saludos
    Ernest
  8. Roc Active Member

    Country:
    United-States
    Julian, thank you very much for the encouragement and I share with you my feelings for Poste Militaire.
    I also had the 70-mm Mcbeth and yes it is a beautiful sculpture, it no longer occupies my display case, it now resides in a collector's home.

    Keep up the good work.


    Ciao

    Roc :)
  9. Roc Active Member

    Country:
    United-States
    Kenneth, my dear friend, many thanks, you always give me a lot of encouragement to continue these step by steps, for that I'm very grateful to you.

    Keep up the good work




    Ciao

    Roc :)
  10. Roc Active Member

    Country:
    United-States
    Hello Marc, we will be learning together the history of these fascinating soldiers,
    as I progress in my research I will continue to post more information.
    Hopefully I'll be able to do a decent job on this figure.

    Keep up the good work.

    Ciao

    Roc :)
  11. Roc Active Member

    Country:
    United-States
    Ernesto, thanks, I appreciate it.
    How is the Roman coming along?

    Keep up the good work.

    Ciao

    Roc :)
  12. vince wai Active Member

    Hi Roc,

    I know this is a beautifully sculpted figure. Can't wait to see your painted rendition.

    vince
  13. Roc Active Member

    Country:
    United-States
    Thanks, Vince, I appreciate the encouragement.




    ciao

    Roc :)
  14. Roc Active Member

    Country:
    United-States
    OTTOMAN EMPIRE 1680

    Attached Files:

  15. Roc Active Member

    Country:
    United-States
    Empire based around the Turkish sultan, lasting from 1300 till 1922, and covering at its peak (1683- 99) an area including today's Hungary, Yugoslavia, Croatia, Bosnia, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Romania, Moldova, Bulgaria, southern Ukraine, Turkey, Georgia, Armenia Iraq, Kuwait, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, eastern and western Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, eastern Yemen, Egypt, northern Libya, Tunisia, and northern Algeria.
    The Ottoman Empire was not a Turkish empire as such, since Turks did not profit more from the benefits of the state than the peoples in non-Turkish territories. And even though the first sultans were Turkish, they generally married non-Turkish women, so the race of later sultans was not Turkish either.
    The empire was through most of its period not a state in the modern sense of the word, but more of a military administration.
    While the Ottoman Empire at its death bed had few friends, it still had offered its inhabitants many benefits through most of its existence. For Muslims it was considered as a defence against the non-Muslim world. For non-Muslims it offered a better life and more security than Christian states up until the 18th century. For most of its inhabitants it had offered career possibilities. And it offered peace and relative harmony to all its inhabitants despite cultural and ethnic differences.
  16. gary New Member

    Hi Roc,

    Looking forward to seeing how this one comes out. FWIW, the top two paintings show good renditions of the kermes reds. These are similar to cochineal which dyes in reddish-purples, and the paintings show these colors quite well.

    Gary
  17. Guy A Fixture

    Country:
    United-States
    Interesting text Roc......I look forward to seeing your figure progress. I also have had this figure in the wings and just may be inspired to bring him out.
  18. Roc Active Member

    Country:
    United-States
    Hey Gary,thanks, I'm glad you find the text interesting, I'm also looking forward to seeing how it turns


    Cheers,

    Roc :)
  19. Roc Active Member

    Country:
    United-States
    Hi guy, thanks buddy,I appreciate it.
    Why don't we both paint the figures at the same time, this with add a little diversity.


    cheers

    Roc :)
  20. Stephan Well-Known Member

    Country:
    Germany
    nice to see how you start with your figure.
    do you always take books or other things like museum or internet for your study.
    Do you study before or is the figure before?
    Hope you understand my question.
    Kepp on Roc i am always a fan of your work

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