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Shading

Discussion in 'Acrylics' started by Old Tanker, Oct 14, 2018.

  1. Old Tanker Member

    How do I shade Black? like Boots. With acrylics.
  2. billyturnip A Fixture

    Country:
    England
    Paint the boots a dark grey and shade with black.
    Roger.
  3. Old Tanker Member

    Thank you, I was going to try brown over the black.
  4. billyturnip A Fixture

    Country:
    England
    You can also make black blacker by adding a dark purple and use that to shade.
    I avoided saying Deep Purple but it didn't matter, Smoke on the Water will be playing in my head all day now.

    Roger.
    Mjølner, Blind Pew, Nap and 3 others like this.
  5. sippog PlanetFigure Supporter

    Country:
    United-Kingdom
    Nap and DaddyO like this.
  6. franceso sbarile Well-Known Member

    Agreed with Roger, basically I use a mix of Slate grey and black, shading by pure black and lighting by pure slate grey.
    Francesco
    billyturnip likes this.
  7. m@rp Active Member

    Country:
    Belgium
    By my side I mix black with brown enough to see a slightly brown color and not more and then you have to shade with black.
    Also if the boots are black only the lights are applied (tint of grey!)
    billyturnip likes this.
  8. megroot A Fixture

    Country:
    Netherlands
    I mix black from indigo and sepia.
    You cannot shade pure black, because that is the darkest that you can go.
    If you do the mix, you can shade with pure black and highlight with white.

    Marc
    billyturnip likes this.
  9. billyturnip A Fixture

    Country:
    England
    I copied this into my painting notes doc ages ago and unfortunately can't remember who's site it came from to give them credit. It's obviously aimed at oil on canvas painters but just as relevant to us "toy soldier" artists.

    Mixing Black.
    Almost any combination of two deep, dark colors – one warm, the other cool – will produce a dark, usually interesting colour. Try Ultramarine and burnt umber (rather than raw umber), Prussian blue and burnt sienna, dark blues with earth red-browns, You can get a blue-black by mixing thalo blue and cadmium red light. Which side of the colour spectrum your ‘black’ leans towards depends on the balance of colors in your mixture.
    When you need a rich strong black, mix equal parts of thalo green with alizarin crimson. Over the years, this is the one black I keep going back to.


    The list of colors my painting students take to the art supply store does not include black. Instead, they learn to make a rich, deep colour that appears to be black, known as chromatic black. It’s one of the first things I teach in my Painting 1 course after introducing the ‘split-primary’ colour wheel.
    How to Mix Chromatic Black

    The more common way of creating a chromatic black is by mixing ultramarine blue with an earth colour, but I teach my students a different mixture that gives an even richer, deeper ‘black’. It’s done by by mixing equal parts of Prussian blue, alizarin crimson, and an earth colour (my favorite is burnt sienna, but burnt umber, raw sienna, and raw umber work as well).
    When this chromatic black is added to white you get some of the most beautiful grays imaginable. If these grays are too blue for you, simply add a little more of the earth colour to the original mixture, which will make the grays look more gray.
    Create a Color Chart

    I have a chart I made that shows what each chromatic black and the resulting grays looks like. For example:
    • Prussian + Alizarin + Burnt Sienna = Chromatic Black (+ white = gray)
    • Prussian + Alizarin + Burnt Umber = Chromatic Black (+ white = gray)
    • Prussian + Alizarin + Raw Umber = Chromatic Black (+ white = gray)
    Varying the amount of white added to these mixes creates several values of gray.
    An expanded version of my chart includes mixtures using Indian red, Venetian red, and Van Dyke brown. You get a different set of grays depending on which ‘brown’ you mix in with the Prussian and Alizarin.
    Use Chromatic Black to Darken Other Colors


    Mixing small amounts of your chromatic black into your colors will darken them without ‘killing’ the colour like regular black would do. I tell my students that Prussian blue and alizarin crimson are ‘magic colors’. In my experience, most painting teachers don’t include these colors on their lists of required colors, but once students discover all the possibilities of using these colors they never go back.
  10. Tecumsea PlanetFigure Supporter

    Country:
    England
    HI Roger, very useful mate and now copied into my note book as well.

    One note on some of the above, it is common practice with some oil painters to highlight black on figures using Flesh. Like an idiot I mixed Indigo and Burnt Umber to make black, then used Flesh and ended with nice Green highlights....I'm not saying it can't be done but test the colour first, I have a terrible habit of introducing new colour straight onto the figure, usually works but not this time.

    Lesson learned......LOL.......Keith
    billyturnip likes this.
  11. billyturnip A Fixture

    Country:
    England
    The best lessons and those best remembered are learnt by doing, Keith. :D
    theBaron likes this.
  12. Ronaldo Well-Known Member


    Well Keith you are not the first to get these Faux pas I have ended up with a green horse when doing a black one and I know that Del managed a blue one . then again we do support different teams .

    There are some top class painters who have had the same problem when dealing with black
  13. Old Tanker Member

    Thank you all for chiming in.
  14. Ronaldo Well-Known Member


    I have absolutely no urge to do kieth Roger
  15. billyturnip A Fixture

    Country:
    England
    :ROFLMAO: Just because you don't and at least I spelt his name right.
  16. Ronaldo Well-Known Member

    Its my age Roger ,making lots of spelling mistakes now
    billyturnip likes this.
  17. kagemusha A Fixture

    Country:
    United-Kingdom
    Yep....done the green horse thing myself once too :mad:
  18. Nap A Fixture

    Country:
    England
    Hi Guys

    Really good details and links here

    Nap
  19. pkessling Member

    Black and white. Painting both of these colors involve startiing with a good base color. Never use white nor black for the base color. For black, mix a dark brown-grey, blue-gray, purple -grey, green-grey, etc. Shade with blue black or black. Highlight with lighter earth tones depending on the texture you are simulating.
    Same with white, start with an off white. Make a decision whether it wil be a cool white or warm white. The base color may not look white to you but it will once you use pure white for the highlights. I always preferred Titanium white. If the figure is all in white, very each article of clothing slightly.

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