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WIP Another Cossack...!

Discussion in 'vBench (Works in Progress)' started by Martin Rohmann, May 8, 2017.

  1. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    [IMG]

    Dear Planeteers!


    Somehow I can not let this year of crafting and painting - and start now another project!

    When the German troops advanced in the Soviet Union to the Caucasus in 1942, they were joined by a certain Nikolay Lazarevich Kulakov, the Ataman of the Terek Cossacks.

    Kulakov brought a part of his people with him and after some time was integrated into the German 1st Cossack Cavalry Division of General Helmuth von Pannwitz ...:

    [IMG]

    Since the Germans did not want to test the loyalty of the Cossacks unnecessarily, they were not allowed to fight their countrymen, but moved them to the Balkans, where they were used in the later Yugoslavia to "fight against gangs".
    "Bandenbekämpfung" was then euphemistically called the hunt for resistance fighters and partisans!
    Kukakov and his people conducted this war in an inconceivably cruel way, and also committed a number of war crimes!
    When the Germans had to withdraw from Yugoslavia to Austrian territory in April / May 1945, because the Red Army was advancing with immense power, and the Tito partisans were no longer up to it anyway, Kulakov sat down and dived!
    However, members of the Soviet secret service "Smersch" (an acronym for "Smert Shpionem!" / "Death the Spies") still felt in Kulakow in May 1945 in Vienna, with some probability he was betrayed.
    Nikolay Lazarevich Kulakov died in the same month in Vienna after the consequences of torture during interrogation by members of "Smersch" ...
    By chance, we know what Kulakow was like, a portrait of the German painter Olaf Jordan (1902 - 1968)!

    [IMG]

    Jordan...

    [IMG]

    ... had a faible for the Cossacks in German service and accompanied them almost the entire war - he went along with them even in captivity!

    On the basis of the painting by Olaf Jordan, the relatively unknown Czech company "ROP o. s." has published a bust some time ago ...:

    [IMG]

    It is held in the scale 1/10, from Resin and from Roman Srb modeled.

    This bust did not cost me much money at the time, and I had - honestly! - almost forgotten that I had it at all, because it was packed in the back of the cabinet.

    By chance, I remembered it again when friend yesterday sent me biographies of the Cossack leaders Krasnov and Kononov - who also stood as leaders of the Cossacks on the German side (and in Moscow after the war were hanged together with General von Pannwitz!).

    When I had unpacked the bust, I immediately knew why I wanted to have it at that time:

    [IMG]

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    It has a very beautifully sculpted face and - that was for me at the time the purchase argument! - a rather rare subspecies of the "Kubanka" fur cap, a particularly long-haired variant called "Abreka".

    The name of this cap is derived from the Caucasian word "Abrek", which means "bandit" or "offender".

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    These caps are made from the very long winter coat of Persian Karakul sheep ...:

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    In addition - and also no other Cossack bust can offer - it has put a Caucasian "Burka" consisting of the same coat ...:

    [IMG]

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    With this bust I will deal in the coming time - but I will rebuild them, because I have also found a lot of fun in sculpting again!

    The German uniform blouse (which I do not like) will disappear - and for this I will sculpt to him Caucasian clothes (Beschmet shirt and Cherkesska coat).
    Oda, amcairns, anstontyke and 3 others like this.
  2. Wings5797 A Fixture

    Country:
    France
    Many thanks for sharing this information Martin
    Keith
    Oda, anstontyke and Martin Rohmann like this.
  3. Nap Forum Moderator

    Country:
    England
    Hi Martin

    Great to have another SBS starting .....

    I had this bust many years ago ..can't find it but following with interest ..especially the uniform changes

    Will you change the moustache ?

    Nap
    Oda and anstontyke like this.
  4. captnenglish Well-Known Member

    Country:
    United-States
    I'll be following this project. Do you know if this company has an online presence; I might want to add this bust to my collection as Cossacks in German service is an interest of mine.
    Oda and anstontyke like this.
  5. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    No certainly not! I like it like it is...!

    Cheers
  6. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    2. Day, May 9, 2017

    I sat myself in the garden with the "Proxxon" and sandpaper and sanded all off what belongs to the German uniform blouse:

    Imperial eagle, breast pockets and buttons.

    The hem of the blouse is preserved, I still need it. I also tried to get as much as possible from the folds ...:

    [IMG]

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    Finally I drilled hole under the bust and fastened an alu pin in it ...:

    [IMG]

    [IMG]
    Oda, Borek, anstontyke and 2 others like this.
  7. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    3. Day, May 10, 2017

    3rd day, May 10, 2017

    Today I started to wear my Cossack.

    The Beshmet shirt is ready, the Cherkesska in it's basic form laid...:

    [IMG]

    [IMG]
    Oda, Borek, anstontyke and 1 other person like this.
  8. Nap Forum Moderator

    Country:
    England
    Martin

    This is going to be so good ....great conversion start

    Following with much interest

    Nap
    anstontyke and Martin Rohmann like this.
  9. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    Thanks Nap!

    ---------------------------------------------

    4. Day, May 11, 2017

    The most important things about the Caucasian Cossack gap are, of course, the "Gazirij" patron pockets on the chest!
    And the first pack I just made.

    The "Kapsitulnij" powder sleeves are made from toothpicks ...:

    [IMG]

    The Gazirij I make from "Fimo", which is sculpted around them. A real fagot, the whole is about half the size of a cent!

    [IMG]

    After that it is baked in the oven (100 degrees, 30 minutes long).

    Then I attached the ready Gazirij on the chest of my Cossack with two-component glue ...:

    [IMG]

    [IMG]
    Oda, Borek, anstontyke and 1 other person like this.
  10. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    5. Day, May 12, 2017

    The plan, which I had set up yesterday, worked - which is very rare with me!

    I first sculpted a "block of four" Gazirij - again from toothpicks and "Fimo".

    Then I have the place, where the thing is, with Scalpell and "Proxxon" drilling / grooved / deepened. Pity about the beautiful smooth surface!
    I also cut a small part from the Burka.

    Then came the Gazirij to their place - and after hardening the two-component glue I used, I re-sculpted the Burka to get beautiful believable transitions.

    From the originally modeled "block of four" of the Gazirij are now two and a half still to be seen ...:

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

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    What is still missing?

    Our friend will get a saber belt - and then it's time to grab the shelf with the inscription "Orders and Badges".

    Next week...
    Oda, Borek, anstontyke and 2 others like this.
  11. Nap Forum Moderator

    Country:
    England
    Hi Martin

    Well done glad it worked great additions ..if I may and it might be the pictures or me !!..lol.....the 1st Gazriji looks more prominant than the other ..sticks out more ?

    I like what you are doing , much improved the original and what's this orders and decorations as well as a sabre belt ..great stuff ...

    Enjoy your weekend

    Thanks for sharing

    Nap
    anstontyke likes this.
  12. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    Thanks Nap!

    The "Kapsitulnij" are equal at both sides. - maybe they look different in the pics...

    Cheers
    Oda, anstontyke and napoleonpeart like this.
  13. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    6. Day, May 13, 2017

    Today I took my Cossackbust and gave her a saber strap.

    These straps - if you carried the sabre above your shoulder - were pretty thin, as you can see ...:

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

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    The belt itself I made of thick lead foil, buckle and thorn emerged from solder, which is light and can be bent well!

    At the end of the belt there is a silver fitting, which I had here from a previous Cossack project together with Andy Cairns still lying - and which is sculpted after an original piece...:
    [IMG]
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    Together it looks quite good, I think...:
    [IMG]
    [IMG]
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    Oda, Borek, anstontyke and 3 others like this.
  14. Nap Forum Moderator

    Country:
    England
    Hi Martin


    Better and better with your additions ...

    What awards are you thinking of ..if any?

    Thanks for sharing

    Nap
    Oda and anstontyke like this.
  15. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    Hmmm - all my Cossacks yet have tsaristic orders and medals, and for that reason now I'm thinking about making a cossack who fights for the other side, the Bolshevics during the Russian civil war.
    Maybe I will sculpt an "Order of the Red Banner" as looked in 1920 and in addition a badge of the RKKA ("Red Workers and Peasants Army") from the same time...

    Cheers
    anstontyke, red tom and napoleonpeart like this.
  16. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    7. Day, May 15, 2017

    So it goes on - the theme "Orders and badges" is now on the program ...!

    All my Cossacks, as far as they carry orders, show something from the tsaristic time or the "white" side of the Russian Civil War.

    So it is time to show a Cossack from the other side, a "red" one!

    So I decided to move this bust to the RKKA (Rabotsche-krestjanskaja Krasnaja armija), the "Red Workers' and Peasants' Army" - in the year 1920.

    Like all Russian military formations, the RKKA also had their own breast badges - like this for the cavalry ...:

    [IMG]

    The red star bears the originally developed Signet of the Soviet state: A hammer symbolizing the workers and a plow for the "class" of the peasants.

    The much more familiar "Molot-Serp" symbol (hammer and sickle) was introduced in 1922!

    Under the red star there are a horseshoe and two crossed sabers to be seen, the insignia of the cavalry.

    For the infantry, these were two crossed rifles with a bayonet built up, for the artillery two crossed cannon Barrels and machine gun units(the Red Army used them as the first army in closed units) had a special own badge...:

    [IMG]

    And, of course, there was a special badge for commanders ...:

    [IMG]

    In the Red Army the words "officer" and "general" were abolished until 1943: officers were called "commanders" and generals were called "leaders"!

    The badges were mostly "somewhere" stuck, as this picture shows a commander ...:

    [IMG]

    Matching the badges, the old "hammer and plow" symbol was worn until 1922 (sometimes longer!) as cockade on the cap ...:

    [IMG]

    Here is a picture of Stalin's NKVD chief Nikolay Yeshov (because of his small growth also called "the bloody dwarf"!) Who carries such a star on his cap ...:

    [IMG]

    such badge (of course the cavalry version!) I just made from "Fimo". And I chose the traditional method of wearing on the right breast pocket.

    After several futile attempts to model a usable star, I slaughtered an old Christmas candle and installed one of the Stanniol stars to ithe badge, which coincidentally fits the size.

    And so the Cossack looks now ...:

    [IMG]

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    Arrrgggh - makro is sooo cruel...:

    [IMG]
    Oda, Borek, anstontyke and 2 others like this.
  17. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    8. Day, May 16, 2017

    Well - the last part of the rebuilding is the Order, which I have fixed to the little Cossack today!

    Here comes actually - we are in the year 1920! - only one in question: The "Орден Красного Знамени / Orden Krasnowo Snamenij", "Red Banner Order".

    The Red Banner Order was introduced on 16 September 1918 and was a combat award, which recognized military heroic deeds.

    Until the introduction of the Order of Lenin (1930) and the Order "Hero of the Soviet Union" (in the mid-1930s) the Red Banner Order was not only the highest, but also the only Order the "Reds"!
    In 1920 the award looked like this:

    [IMG]

    On the order plate we have the well-known iconography of hammer and plow, supplemented by a gun barrel with a bayonet attached, since it was a military order.

    The whole is partly obscured by a red five-pointed star, which carries a laurel wreath with a hammer and a sickle symbol.

    The award is crowned by a red banner (hence the name), in which the last sentence from the book "The Communist Manifesto" by Karl Marx (1847) stands in Cyrillic: "Proletarii vsekh stran, soyedinyaytes'!" "Proletarians of all countries unite!"

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    Here we have a photo of the Divkom (divisional commander) and later marshal Wassilij Blücher, who carries two Red Banner Orders...:

    [IMG]

    At the end of the 1920s the red cloth rose fell and the order looked like this:

    [IMG]

    It was then worn as a plaque, as in the next picture of General Ivan Ljudnikov ...:

    A renewed change in the Red Banner order came in March 1943, when the Soviet Union almost completely reintroduced the old tsarist military uniform with shoulder boards (and the words "officer" and "general" were allowed again!).

    Then the order received a "orderly" ribbon ...:

    [IMG]

    The Red Banner Order could be awarded several times - up to seven times!

    The individual copies were then numbered ...:

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    Here is another picture of Wassilij Blücher - now commanding officer - who brought it to four Radbanner orders (and fixed the star on his cap wrongly) ...:

    [IMG]

    The Soviet marshal Konstantin Rokossowski, whose uniform now hangs in the "Museum of the Great Patriotic War," dragged a quite neat "plumber shop"

    Two "Hero of the Soviet Union" (top row)
    Seven "Lenin Orders" (including)
    Six Red Banner orders...:

    [IMG]

    But, however, we return to the year 1920 - our Kosak is supposed to carry the timely matching early version ...:

    [IMG]

    For that I have modeled from "Fimo" once the fabric rosette ...

    [IMG]

    ... and then the Order plaque. The "flagpole" consists of a slaughtered pin ...:

    [IMG]

    The award was worn on the left breast side, mostly over the breast pockets of the uniform, if there were some ...:

    [IMG]

    Cossacks also sometimes stuck the Order on the "Gazirij" cartridge pockets. I decided against this variant because I would not want to completely hide the Gazirij.

    This is how the little boy looks now ...:

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    And with this my conversion is finished!
    Oda, Borek, anstontyke and 1 other person like this.
  18. Nap Forum Moderator

    Country:
    England
    Martin

    Yet again your research and information is great , these awards are going to look good for sure .

    Really looking forward to the painting of this

    Thanks for sharing

    Nap
    Oda, anstontyke and Martin Rohmann like this.
  19. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    9. Day, May 17, 2014


    Primed...:


    Before Now

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    Oda, Borek, anstontyke and 1 other person like this.
  20. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    10. Day, May 19, 2017

    I have decided that my cossack will come along totally in black!

    This idea even matches with historically templates...:

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    First step today was painting the "Abreka" fur cap...:

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    For painting I used this Colors and avoided white!

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    Et voila...:

    [IMG]

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    [IMG]
    Oda, Borek, anstontyke and 1 other person like this.

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