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Admiral Jewgenij Aleksejew

Discussion in 'vBench (Works in Progress)' started by Martin Rohmann, Jun 22, 2017.

  1. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    22. Day, July, 15, 2017

    We continue with the order painting!

    The next award at the button bar, directly under the "Wladimir" is for me visually one of the two most beautiful Russian orders (together with the Saint Andreas order!).

    It is the "Order of the Holy Stanislaw" ...:

    [IMG]

    This order was originally Polish and was donated by King Stanislaus II. August as a single order on May 7, 1765, and on the name day of St Stanislaus, bishop and martyr 1035-1079, for the higher nobility.

    Interestingly, the number of mambers of the order was strictly limited to 100 persons. It was only when one of them died (or the Order was recognized) that a new person could be distinguished!

    When in 1815 the Russian Tsar Aleksandr I. from the "hereditary mass" of the napoleonic empire ("Grand Duchy of Warsaw") incorporated Poland and became a regent of Poland, the Russians took over the Stanislaw Order and "integrated" it into the Russian system with five classes.

    Our admiral shows the 3rd class of the Stanislaw Order ...

    [IMG]

    ... which was actually worn around the neck ...

    [IMG]

    ... but for reasons of space it is attached to the button strip.


    Just below the Stanislaw Order another award in the form of a white cross is to be seen!

    [IMG]

    The form of the cross (not Russian-Orthodox) and the five crowns (no Czar-crown) immediately suggest that it is a foreign order!

    Oha!

    At the time there were about 80 states that gave orders, and Admiral Alekseev, as a naval officer, had made several world trips.
    The devil knows where he's got this thing from!

    So where to start with the research?

    My thought was the following: The award is on an "official portrait", so it was important and should be shown!

    What foreign states were important to Russia?

    Allies?

    Possible!

    More important, however, were foreign states, or their ruling dynasties, on the part of the Romanov czar dynasty.

    Small states like Anhalt-Zerbst, Holstein-Gottorp and Oldenburg-Leuchtenburg I first laid aside.

    For the five crowns on the order seemed to me to be kings crowns!

    A sovereign state, in which a monarchy reigned with relations with the Romanov family, was sought.

    And it occurred to me that Tsar Aleksandr III. (the half-brother of Alexeev) had married Princess Dagmar of Denmark, who had to convert to the Russian-Orthodox faith before the wedding (an imperative condition to marry a Russian prince!) and adopted the name Maria Fyodorovna!

    Beside to the bear of a tsar, who liked to impress guests with knot horseshoes, the former Danish princess looks almost fragile!

    [IMG]

    So Denmark!

    And so to speak, with the first mouse click, I've found it!

    The white cross is the Danish "Danebrog Order" 2nd Class (Commander's Cross) ...:

    [IMG]

    This award, too, would have to be worn round the neck by our admiral.

    Okay - so go to the brush!

    And here are the "Stanislaw Order" and the "Order of Danebrog"...:

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    Two other awards are still missing at the button bar. The search for one is easy, but very difficult for the other ...
  2. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    23. Day, July, 16, 2017

    This order is partially hidden and this Maltese cross is so untypical that the thing can come from virtually anywhere!
    There was nothing else but to "flee" the then European states one after the other! I could only exclude Russia!
    I started with the larger states, then slowly worked the way - a mistake, because I should have started with the smaller ones.
    In one of the little ones I finally found the template!
    The order sought is the knight's cross (commander's cross) of the Belgian Leopold Order ...:

    [IMG]

    With the last order it goes much faster!

    It is one of the best-known awards in Europe - and almost every figure-painter had already to do with this thing in one way or another:

    It is the commander's cross of the famous French Legion d'Honneur ...:

    [IMG]

    It is only necessary to pay attention that our friend Alekseev's version of the order was given by the French Republic.

    The Order, which was founded by Napoleon on 19 May 1802, originally looked like this:

    [IMG]

    A profile of the Emperor could be seen in the rosette, and in the blue surrounding edge stood "Napoleon Emperor of the French". And above the order was a crown.

    The Republic replaced the Napoleon profile with a "Marianne" with a laurel wreath, and the inscription was now "French Republic."

    Of course, the monarchic crown symbol was also exchanged - against a laurel wreath!

    [IMG]

    Alexeev received the "Legion d'Honneur" (and the Belgian Leopold Order, as I now know!) during his time as naval attaché in Paris from 1883 to 1888!

    So much for theory.

    Now painting - and so it has become ...:

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    So much for today!

    Tomorrow I will not be able to paint anything, because I have to report to the surgery at 7:30 in the hospital. Sober - aaarrrrrggggh!

    Let's hope the doctor knows the difference between "surgery" and "autopsy" ...
  3. Nap Forum Moderator

    Country:
    England
    Hi Martin


    Just brilliant work both in the research and the painting

    Hope all goes well at the hospital

    Thanks for sharing

    Nap
    anstontyke and Martin Rohmann like this.
  4. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    24. Day, July 16, 2017

    Today it is the turn of the aguilette of a general adjutant,. In Germany such a thing is officially called "Achselschnur", colloquially and aptly however called "monkey swing" ...:

    [IMG]

    When the Russian army introduced these things (during the Napoleonic period), they had no suitable word for it. So they looked around in Europe - and since then the thing in Russian is officially called "Аксельбант", meaning "Aksel'band".
    Again the German language had to help out!

    Here we have an original "Akselband" from that time - quite getting old ...:
    [IMG]
    If you have a look at better ones or newly made specimens, then it is clear that they are braided from heavy gold threads ...:
    [IMG]
    So get to the brush!

    I painted the thing in three steps.

    First step: Underpainting with dark brown ...:
    [IMG]
    [IMG]
    Second step: Painting structures with gold. In the case of "gold" it should be noted that these adjutant cords very often showed a clear color difference to the golden epaulettes, which can be seen clearly in the next picture ...:
    [IMG]
    So I chose a gold that I have not used with this bust so far.

    So far I have used the gold tones 1, 2 and 4 ...:
    [IMG]
    For the aguilette No. 3 comes into play, the relatively reddish gold of "Vallejo".

    With this I carefully painted structures ...:
    [IMG]
    [IMG]
    Third step: The gaps between the individual gold swabs are very carefully wetted with a very thin broth of gold and dark brown - that makes the transition softer.

    Now ist up to the two metal cartridges (aguilette tips) at the ends of the cords.

    I have not found two pictures, on which the absolutely same cartridges are to be seen!

    The reason for this is the fact that these high men let make these pieces at specialized uniform tailors (or jewelers!).

    And then everyone followed his own preferences.

    So there are golden cartridges ...
    [IMG]
    ... as well as those, in which silver and gold were processed - partly very valuable pieces ...:
    [IMG]
    [IMG]
    But silver alone was out of the question. Silver axillary cords were worn by ordinary adjutants!

    In my painting of Admiral Alekseev, despite extreme cut-out magnification, no details can be seen - only the cartridges appear to be two-color, that is, gold and silver ...:
    [IMG]
    And like that I painted them, with the already mentioned "Vallejo" gold and silver printing ink.

    So far so good? You decide!
    [IMG]
    [IMG]
    [IMG]
    anstontyke and Joe55 like this.
  5. Nap Forum Moderator

    Country:
    England
    Hi Martin

    Again references top class ...I would probably highlight a little bit more on the monkey swing

    Love the way it's coming together now

    Thanks for sharing

    Nap
    anstontyke likes this.
  6. Joe55 A Fixture

    Country:
    United-States
    Your research and attention to detail doesn't cease to amaze!

    Joe
    anstontyke likes this.
  7. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    They are there,Kevin - but very reserved! This gold shines differently from every angle - and also the lights and the shadows.

    If one does more, then one paints "against" the optical impression from many view directions ...

    Cheers
    napoleonpeart and anstontyke like this.
  8. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    25. Day, July 19, 2017

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    [IMG]
    anstontyke and napoleonpeart like this.
  9. Nap Forum Moderator

    Country:
    England
    Martin

    This is great as I and others have said ...brilliant research as always matched by detailed painting

    I see the highs now on the monkey swing !!

    Such a shame that this is not commercial ...I woukd be painting it with you !

    Thanks for sharing

    Nap
    anstontyke and Martin Rohmann like this.
  10. anstontyke PlanetFigure Supporter

    Country:
    United-Kingdom
    fantastic progress, really loving this sbs.
    thanks for all the historical info.

    tony
    napoleonpeart likes this.
  11. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    26. Day, July 20, 2017

    Happy high-ranked persons, who were awarded with the 2nd class of the “Imperatorskij orden Swjatowo Rawnoapostolnogo welikowo knjasja Wladimira“ ("Imperial Order of the Holy and Apostlelike Grand Duke Vladimir" (the full name of the Order of Vladimir) were given to the order, which was worn around the neck, large star, worn on the left side of the brethren ...:

    [IMG]

    To the next higher 1st class came then a red-black sash, which was to be worn over the right shoulder ...:

    [IMG]

    On September 22, 1782, the Order was donated by Zariza Katharina II on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the government.

    The first awarded Person was - naturally - she herself - and as we can see, the 1st class as belonging to her rank...:

    [IMG]

    Above the first class of the "Vladimir", there was another class in which the breast star was overgrown with brilliants - and this wer still real diamonds in the czarist empire, not splinters like most of today ...:

    [IMG]

    I mention this only for the sake of completeness, the "Vladimir" with diamonds was never given in Russian history!


    As we have seen, our Admiral Alekseyev is wearing his "Vladimir 2nd Class" from lack of space in the buttonhole - the brest star he has nevertheless staked on...:

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    On the rosette of the striking silver-golden star are the words „ПОЛЬЗА ЧЕСТЬ И СЛАВА“ ("Polsa, Tschest i Slawa“ / "Benefit, honor and glory" )...:

    [IMG]

    These small inscriptions can only be indicated in 1:10 - my version has now become so ...:

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    [IMG]


    What do you think about it...?
    napoleonpeart and anstontyke like this.
  12. anstontyke PlanetFigure Supporter

    Country:
    United-Kingdom
    amazing
    Wings5797 likes this.
  13. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    Addendum:

    I've got the advcice to take the silver of the "Vladimir star" back a little! In the original teh star does not so much sparkling....:

    [IMG]

    Voilà - before...:

    [IMG]

    ...and now...:

    [IMG]

    [IMG]


    The mitigation is much clearer in realitas than can be seen in the pictures. The first pics in the afternoon I took with natural light - now my adimral lies under the desk lamp ...
  14. Nap Forum Moderator

    Country:
    England
    Hi Martin

    Looking good , a veritable delight of stars and medals here ...1 to go , no doubt with excelkent references as always ...then the shoulder epaulettes ...really looking forward to those from you .

    Excelkent research again a pleasure to see and enjoy

    Thanks for sharing

    Nap
    anstontyke and Martin Rohmann like this.
  15. Wings5797 A Fixture

    Country:
    France
    Looking really good Martin.
    You are tackling all of this fine detail very nicely.
    Thank you for this detailed SBS, I am enjoying following your progress.
    All the best
    Keith
    anstontyke and Martin Rohmann like this.
  16. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    Thank you, mates!!! (y)

    --------------------------------------------

    27. Day, July 21, 2017


    Again briefly to the star of the "Vladimir Order", which I corrected yesterday:
    Maybe I should have chosen other photos!

    Look at these ones ...:

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    ... then it becomes clear that the star consisted of two assembled and probably differently produced metal parts, one gold and one silver!

    And a little shine is also present.

    I think I am now pretty close to the original.


    Today the last order, at the very bottom in a very dark corner of the painting and difficult to recognize!

    It is a Spanish award, the "Red Cross for Officers" ...:

    [IMG]

    The name of the award has nothing to do with the organization "Red Cross"!

    So - and with this result...
    [IMG]
    [IMG]
    [IMG]
    ... the painting of the decorations has come to an end.

    What a pity!

    Admiral Alekseev could have also won the following awards, which he also all possessed ...:
    Kingdom of Italy: Order of the Crown of Italy, Officer's Cross 4th Class ...:




    [IMG]
    Ottoman Empire: Order of Osmaniye, 4th class ...:
    [IMG]
    Kingdom of Greece: Commander Cross of the Order of the Savior ...:
    [IMG]
    Kingdom of Prussia: Order of the Red Eagle 1st Class with Swords ...:
    [IMG]
    [IMG]
    Japanese Empire: Order of the Rising Sun 1st Class ...:
    [IMG]
    As we have already seen Admiral Aleksejew during the Russo-Japanese War on 12 October 1904 (after the heavy defeats of the Russian forces at sea and on land, and a successful envy intrigue Minister of War Kuropaktin who then himself took the command !) was recalled from his post.

    To avoid the impression of a punishment, made Tsar Nikolai II. him a member of the Russian State Council, an honorable but influential loose items for the former second most powerful man in the Russian Empire!

    To maintain the fiction of a "promotion" of Aleksejew, he was awarded 1906 with the final order of his career:

    The Aleksandr-Nevsky Order 2nd class.
    A pity, I would have liked to painted, but it is not on the painting template to see and came also later in time ...:
    [IMG]
    After that, it becomes quiet wraund Alekseev. He resumed formal from his post in April 1917, after the February Revolution and the Tsar's abdication in March.

    He died a few weeks later, on May 27, 1917. The Bolshevik October Revolution had been spared him.

    Alekseev, who had never married in time, left no heirs ...
    Well, here is some photos of his bust in original size...:
    [IMG]
    [IMG]
    [IMG]
  17. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    28. Day, July 24, 2017

    The rank-badges of Russian admirals in the tsarist empire were not stars or tresses - but eagles!

    An eagle on the shoulder meant: Conteradmiral ...:

    [IMG]

    Two eagles: Viceadmiral...:

    [IMG]

    Three eagles: Full Admiral or Admiral of the fleet...:

    [IMG]

    Over them all there was the Full Admiral with the rank of an General Adjutant - like our Jewgenij Alekseev!

    His epaulettes looked like this...:

    [IMG]

    The red round piping did not normally belong to an admiral's shoulderboard ...

    [IMG]

    ...... and was again borrowed from the uniform of the General Adjutant ...:

    [IMG]

    In the photos, it all looks very clear - in fact, the shoulder pieces were so loaded that not an eagle symbol could be seen completely!

    There is once the thick golden circlip of the Epaulet, and there is the Silver Czar Monogram on the other side ...

    [IMG]

    ... that was added on the rank badge!

    How "full" such an epaulet was, is even in the portrait of Alekseev to see that is yes my original is ...:

    [IMG]

    That the eagle symbols were not all to see was perhaps quite good, because they looked spooky!

    The things were embroidered by hand on the shoulder pieces - programmable embroidery machines were not yet.

    And so the double eagles act more like caricatures - and none resemble the other ...:

    [IMG]

    They all remind me of overrunned crows, which are seen on the country road.

    The deformed birds, however, have their good - because I do not need to paint complete symbols and like "real" double eagles they do not have to look. Otherwise, I have again strictly adhered to the template ...:

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    After the fastening button and the red piping, I turned to the thick golden fringe of the first epaulet.

    I used the "German Grey" for underpainting, and this time I took "Brass" for "Gold" - and then there were about six passes (probably more, I did not exactly count them!) With "dbrushing" and "wash's" until the "Gold " had the color I wanted to have and also lights and shadows were visible ...:

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    [IMG]

    I would be happy about suggestions and criticism!
  18. Nap Forum Moderator

    Country:
    England
    Martin

    Firstly the decorations look really good , really brings the uniform together ..all superbly researched and painting

    The epaulettes ...WOW on the research ......simply amazing .....I woukd tend to push the highlighting a bit more on the fringes .

    The bust itself is a very special piece and you are bringing his story to us with skill

    Thanks for sharing

    Nap
    anstontyke likes this.
  19. Martin Rohmann A Fixture

    Country:
    Germany
    29. Day, July 25, 2017

    I would never have thought that this f........ July has so many "beautiful" tidbits! As soon as gigs grow, so soon ...

    So again a painting day!
    I did, mate! Et voilà...:

    [IMG]

    Than I have painted more "overrunned crows" on the second epaulet...:

    [IMG]

    The still missing "fringes" I want to paint tomorrow - looks quite so that we get again "good" handicraft weather ...
  20. Nap Forum Moderator

    Country:
    England
    Martin

    The aguilette , fringes and those decorations ....all look so good together .

    Nice work on the highs and the detail of the monogram on the epaulette

    Thanks for sharing

    Nap

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