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Weapons 1889 Mauser 'Allege' Carbine

Discussion in 'Belgium' started by Dan Morton, Jan 11, 2016.

  1. Dan Morton A Fixture

    The Mauser Model 1889 was a bolt-action rifle of Belgian origin. It became known as the 1889 Belgian Mauser, 1891 Argentine Mauser, and 1890 Turkish Mauser.[1]
    The main features were the ability to use stripper clips to feed the magazine (a revolution in rate of fire), and its rimless cartridge (7.65 Argentine), advanced for the time.
    When the modernizing Belgian Army required a new service rifle all their own, they turned to the existing and proven German designs, bypassing any lengthy, and untimely costly, indigenous initiative in the process. The German design served as the basic framework for the Belgian offering which was slightly modified to suit Belgian military requirements. It was this rifle that turned out to be the very first successful firearm to be produced in number by Fabrique Nationale.[2]
    The system proved impressive at the 1884 Bavarian Arms Trials. Both firearms were a success, but decision-makers were not convinced that the stripper feed was superior to the en-block system employed by Mannlicher. In response, Mauser started small-scale production of the design in an effort to interest foreign nations, but failed to convince any of the European major powers. The Belgian attache, however, urged his government to contact Mauser, hoping the design might give them a chance to found a domestic arms industry. The heavy-barreled Mauser with the barrel shroud was deemed superior to the competing Belgian designs, and resulted in the founding of arms manufacturer Fabrique Nationale d'Armes de Guerre, now known as FN Herstal. FN's factory was overrun during World War I, so they outsourced production to a facility in Birmingham, England originally set up by the well known gunmaking firm, W. W. Greener and subsequently handed over to the Belgian Government later in the war, and Hopkins & Allen in the United States. (2)
    The Model 1889, as mentioned, featured a single-piece solid wooden body running the entire weapon, ending just aft of the muzzle. It contained two bands and iron sights were fitted at the middle of the receiver top and at the muzzle like virtually all other rifles of the time. Overall length of the rifle was just over 50 inches (1270 millimeters) with the barrel contributing to approximately 30 inches (762 millimeters) of this length. Of course, a fixed bayonet was issued and added another 10 inches (254 millimeters) to the design as doctrine of the period still relied heavily on the bayonet charge for the defensive victory.
    All variations used the same 7.65mm round-nosed cartridge. Many parts were interchangeable, with the exception of the bayonets of the 89 and 90/91; the barrel shroud made the bayonet ring too wide.

    • Mauser Model 1889: 4 kg (8.82 lb)
    • Cavalry Carbine: 3.3 kg (7.3 lb)
    • Engineer Carbine: 3.3 kg (7.3 lb)
    • Mauser Model 1889: 1,295 mm (51.0 in)
    • Cavalry Carbine: 940 mm (37 in)
    • Engineer Carbine: 940 mm (37 in)
    Barrel length
    • Mauser Model 1889: 780 mm (31 in)
    • Cavalry Carbine: 447 mm (17.6 in)
    • Engineer Carbine: 447 mm (17.6 in)

    Attached Files:

    Range Rat likes this.
  2. pwadm Administrator

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    "These photos, drawings, diagrams and text were provided by my late and very generous friend, Roger DeBoecke." - Dan Morton

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